Some of the popular alternatives to PHP include Java, Python, and Go. Here are the salient features of these languages.
Java is a strongly typed object-oriented language, which disciplines developers to deliver cleaner and more structured code. Java also offers several other important benefits. The language is highly portable and can work across different operating systems. It provides really good support of concurrency and parallel task execution. Java is better prepared for modularization and offers powerful frameworks to develop and manage modular apps and multi-cloud strategies (Spring Boot, Cloud Foundry, Akka, etc.).
Python is extensively used by many world companies like Google, Toyota and Dropbox, and it was named the most popular programming language in 2019, according to IEEE Spectrum. The language is increasingly used across industries when there’s a need for processing and management of large data sets. Thus, it shines when it comes to writing automation scripts and analytics systems, introducing machine learning capabilities, and more. Python’s pre-built web functions also significantly boost the speed of software development.
Go, or Golang, is a new language compared to PHP, Java, and Python. Developed by Google in 2007, the purpose behind its development helps in understanding its usefulness: Go was developed out of a need for a scalable solution. Go’s simple syntax, advanced support of concurrency and parallelism make it a good option for building large distributed applications.